Copy one or more files to another location
Copy SOURCE to DEST, or multiple SOURCE(s) to DIRECTORY.
syntax cp [OPTION]... SOURCE DEST cp [OPTION]... SOURCE... DIRECTORY key -a, --archive same as -dpR -b, --backup make backup before removal -d, --no-dereference preserve links -f, --force remove existing destinations, never prompt -i, --interactive prompt before overwrite -l, --link link files instead of copying -p, --preserve preserve file attributes if possible -P, --parents append source path to DIRECTORY -r copy recursively, non-directories as files --sparse=WHEN control creation of sparse files -R, --recursive copy directories recursively -s, --symbolic-link make symbolic links instead of copying -S, --suffix=SUFFIX override the usual backup suffix -u, --update copy only when the SOURCE file is newer than the destination file or when the destination file is missing -v, --verbose explain what is being done -V, --version-control=WORD override the usual version control -x, --one-file-system stay on this file system --help display this help and exit --version output version information and exit.
Example - copy home directory to floppy
$ cp -f /mnt/floppy/* /home/simon
By default, sparse SOURCE files are detected by a crude heuristic and the corresponding DEST file is made sparse as well.
That is the behavior selected by --sparse=auto.
Specify --sparse=always to create a sparse DEST file whenever the SOURCE file contains a long enough sequence of zero bytes.
Use --sparse=never to inhibit creation of sparse files.
The backup suffix is ~, unless set with SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX.
The version control may be set with VERSION_CONTROL, values are: t, numbered make numbered backups nil, existing numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise never, simple always make simple backups
As a special case, cp makes a backup of SOURCE when the force and backup options are given and SOURCE and DEST are the same name for an existing, regular file.
"I've been going to Bible classes. They're teaching me to be more judgmental" - Flanders' wife
dd - Data Dump - convert and copy a file (use for RAW storage)
copy - Copy groups of files in directories
install - Copy files and set attributes
mv - Move files
rsync - Remote file copy (Synchronize file trees)
tar - store or extract files to an archive (allows symbolic links to be copied as links)